After trying to ease you back pain by different medicines and physical therapy doctor comes to decide about the spinal surgery. While there is no such guarantee that after the operation it will provide relief to the patients, there are lots of options.

What are the benefits?

  • You can move around better
  • You will be more physically fit
  • Your mood improves
  • You can reduce the number of painkillers you are presently taking
  • You can go back to work normally
  • You are more productive at work
Laminectomy

In this procedure, a surgeon performing the operation will most likely remove parts of the bone, bone spurs and ligaments from the back. This, in turn, relieves pressure on the spinal nerves and can ease pain or weakness caused by it. If during the operation it makes spine less stable than you might need the spinal fusion also. Doctors in such situation do the two procedures together.

Foraminotomy

In this operation, the surgeon cuts away the bone sides of your vertebrae to expand the space where nerves exit your spine. As space, an increase which provides extra room may relieve pressure on the nerve and eases the pain of the patients. There is likeliness that this procedure can make your spine less stable. So the surgeon may do a spinal fusion at the same time. However, the process will increase the amount of time you need for recovery.

Diskectomy

Sometimes it does happen that a disk, the cushion that separates your vertebrae, can slip out of place, this presses the spinal verve and causes severe back pain. The surgeon removes all or part of the disk. Sometimes it’s part of a large surgery that includes laminectomy, foraminotomy and spinal fusion all three together.

Spinal fusion

This is the most common surgery for back pain. The doctor will join the two spinal bones, called vertebrae, together. This limits the motion between them up to an extent and also limits how far your nerves can stretch. However, it will not restrict any activity in the day to day life. It’s rare, but the bones do not always fuse completely. But the people having a habit of smoking can make this more likely. If such thing happens you may need another operation to fix the problem.

Disk replacement

A surgeon removes the injured spinal disk and place in the artificial disk between the two vertebrae. This will let you continue to move your spine. Recovery time is shorter comparatively. But there is a small risk that the artificial disc slips from its position, this may require a repair.

Interlaminar implant

In this surgical procedure, the doctor implants U-shaped apparatus between two vertebrae in the lower back side. It helps to keep the distance between them hence easing pressure on your spinal nerves. Unlike spinal fusion it provides enough stability and a person after the surgery can almost move normally.

Spinal Tumor

A spinal tumor is a growth that develops in the spinal canal or within the bones of your spine. A spinal tumor is an irregular mass of tissue within or surrounding the spinal cord or the spinal column. These cells produce and develop wildly, in fact, unchecked by the tool that controls normal cells. Spinal tumors can be benign that is noncancerous or malignant that is cancerous. Primary tumors originate in the spine or spinal cord and metastatic or secondary tumor can result from cancer spreading from another site to the spine.

Spinal tumors may be called by the region of the spine in which they occur. These basic areas are cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacrum. Also, they can be classified by their location in the spine into three major groups like intradural extramedullary, intramedullary and extradural.